Bipolar disorder is a state of someone who experienced mood swings as drastic, wavering and suddenly very happy by previous pessimism. Another name for bipolar disorder is manic depression.
There are two episodes of bipolar disorder, the episodes of Mania (ascent stage) and depression (stage below). In the time of the mania, the patient is visibly very passionate, energetic and quick to speak. On the other hand, in times of depression, patients are lost, lethargic, sad and interested in daily activities.
Based on the mood episode revolution, there are parts of bipolar disorder patients who experience normal situations between mania and depression. It has also experienced a sharp reversal of mania on depression and vice versa without normal time (fast bike). In addition, there are also patients with bipolar disorder who experience at the same time mania and depression. For example, when a patient feels very energetic, but at the same time also very sad and desperate. These symptoms are called in a mixed time (mixed state).
Causes of bipolar disorder
So far, experts do not know what causes the onset of bipolar disorder. Some argue that the condition is caused by an imbalance in neurotransmitters and drug-controlled brain function. Furthermore, it demands also a bipolar disorder in relation to genetic factors (descendants).
Some factors that may possibly increase the risk of someone affected by bipolar disorder, experienced high stress, traumatic experience, alcoholism in alcoholic beverages and illicit drugs, and have a close family history (brothers and Sisters and parents) suffer from bipolar disorder.
Diagnosis of Bipolar disorder
Psychological evaluation needed to diagnose bipolar disorder. In this case, the doctor usually asks about the pattern of the patient, mood, feeling, and behavior of what she thinks. Also, the doctor should usually provide information about the patient or family of the patient, mania or depressive episodes.
Also, because there are other conditions that can lead to the same symptoms as bipolar disorder, hyperthyroid with hypothyroidism, then the physical examination in relation to the two diseases, which should also be done to the patient’s condition Ensure.
Treatment for bipolar disorder
The goal of treating bipolar disorder is to reduce the incidence of episodes-mania and depressive episodes are affected, so they usually live and socialize with the environment.
In addition to improving the service life, the process is usually the provision of drugs together with psychotherapy (e.g. cognitive behavioral therapy).