We often wonder What Blood Sugar Level Is Considered Diabetic? in the medical world diabetes on the rise in the mean glucose in the blood, thus disturbing the body.
However, a different story if simply applied too high or low. Blood sugar levels that are too high or low can give bad impact both in short term and long term.the presence of sugar or glucose in the blood substance called blood sugar. Normal blood sugar levels in the body are important for the performance and health of the body.
What happens if your blood sugar is too high and What Blood Sugar Level Is Considered Diabetic?
Your blood sugar levels are said to be too high if the number exceeds 200 mg/dL. In medical science, blood sugar levels are too high is called hyperglycemia.
This condition occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or due to insulin resistance, i.e. the hormone released by the pancreas. Insulin serves to spread the sugar in the blood to the entire body cells to be processed into energy.
Most of these conditions are experienced by diabetics who cannot live a healthy lifestyle, such as eating too much, lack of exercise, or forget to eat medicine diabetes or insulin. Other conditions that cause hyperglycemia in people with diabetes is:
- Steroid medications.
- Is undergoing surgery.
- Being infected with certain diseases.
Normal people who don’t suffer from diabetes could also be exposed to hyperglycemia, especially if she was suffering from severe pain.
Signs you have too high a blood sugar levels is the body feels tired, your appetite decreases body weight, craze, frequent thirst, and frequent urination.
If your blood sugar levels exceed 350 mg/dL, you will feel symptoms such as feeling easily agitated, decreased level of consciousness, it is very thirst, vision is not clear, and dizziness. Changes in the skin condition can also be seen, such as blushing, dry, and feels hot.
In addition, to suffer these things, blood sugar levels are too high, particularly those who never got the treatment can also cause serious harm such as Diabetic Ketoacidosis or diabetic syndrome hyperosmolar.
In addition, you can also experience infection of the teeth and gums, skin problems, osteoporosis, kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage, and cardiovascular disease.
What happens if your blood sugar is too low?
Too low blood sugar or Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels are below 70 mg/dL. This condition is also common in diabetics. The side effects of drugs used to treat diabetes can lower blood sugar levels.
Insulin in diabetics generally doesn’t work well. Therefore, diabetics required to take insulin or medications that can lower blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, due to the consumption of too much insulin or medications, anti-diabetes can make blood sugar go down drastically.
Hypoglycemia will quickly occur if insulin,anti-diabetic medications or are not accompanied by sufficient food intake or thus do not eat at all. Excessive exercise can also trigger this condition.
This condition can also be experienced by diabetics who are not circles. Some of the causes that may trigger a hypoglycemia, among others:
Too much consuming alcoholic beverages.
A Certain critical illness contracted, such as hepatitis, anorexia nervosa, or rare tumors of the pancreas.
Lack of certain hormones.
Taking anti-diabetic medications belonging to others or drugs such as quinine.
If your blood sugar levels are low, the body will limp and not powdered. Signs that you can feel is the skin turns pale, sweating, hunger, fatigue, heart palpitations, tingling in the mouth area, nervous, and irritable. The impact that you will experience when blood sugar levels are too low (below 40 mg/dL), among other things:
- The talk rambled.
- It’s hard to concentrate.
- Unable to stand or walk.
- Muscle twitches.
Let’s Check Your Blood Sugar
How to know your blood sugar levels is to do a blood test. This test is used to monitor blood sugar levels in your body to keep it out of the normal range.
Blood sugar test can be done at home with a blood sugar test kit. You can also do a blood sugar test at the hospital. There are several types of blood sugar tests can be done:
Blood sugar tests that require you to fast. You are required to have eight hours of fasting before blood sampling. This test is often used to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test (TTGO). In this test, you will be given a certain amount of glucose and two hours later, in your blood sugar levels will be examined.
The hemoglobin A1c test or glikohemoglobin. This test is done to find out blood sugar levels in the red blood cells. The results of these tests can give information about Your sugar levels over 2-3 last month. The test allows the doctor to change the person’s diabetes medication if needed. Like never before, you do not need to undergo special preparation to do this test.
Random blood sugar test. This test can be done at any time. Blood sugar levels can vary depending on a person’s food and when last time-consuming food before tests was conducted. Therefore, You don’t need to do special preparation before the test is done. Because of its nature which knows no time, this test is generally considered to be very useful because the blood sugar levels in healthy people do not vary much throughout the day.
If your blood sugar levels differ significantly, then there might be a health problem. Other than in a hospital, this test can also be done at home wearing a blood sugar test kits.
Consult a doctor to test what is suitable for Your purpose. Also, ask the doctor about the risks or other things related to the test.
Then How Normal Blood Sugar Levels?
Normal blood sugar levels are not always the same, depending on when the test that You do and Your body condition. Things such as consuming alcohol or caffeine can affect blood sugar levels. The following are the normal blood sugar levels. However, this is only approximate because each has a different benchmark lab.
- If you did the test two hours after a meal, then the normal levels of blood sugar are less than 140 mg/dL or 7.8 mmol/l. Numbers apply among aged under 50 years old. For those aged 50-60 years, normal levels are less than 150 mg/dL or 8.3 mmol/l. If you are aged 60 or over, then the normal levels of blood sugar are 160 mg/dL or 8.9 mmol/l.
- If you do a blood sugar test requires fasting, normal blood sugar levels then you can be less or equal to 100 mg/dL or 5.6 mmol/l.
- If you do a random blood sugar test, then the results could not be compared. The result depends on when and what you eat before undergoing the test. But generally, the normal blood sugar levels are at 80-120 mg/dL or 4.4-6.6 mmol/L (if doing a test before a meal or after waking up). If performing the test on time want to sleep, then the normal number is 100-140 mg/dL or 5.5-7.7 mmol/L.
- If you undergo a test of hemoglobin for blood sugar to normal levels, then it was less than or about 7 percent.
Make sure you record the date of the test and the results. Note also what Your consumption or activity undertook before undergoing the test of it. With a routine check blood sugar test and live a healthy lifestyle you can avoid the negative effects of high or low blood sugar levels.