Mushrooms are a name given to a large group of eukaryotes that are also included in the category of microscopic organisms, such as molds and multicellular fungi.
There are thousands of different species of fungi that all have different shapes and characteristics. The fungus is composed of a hard and rigid cell wall and has a bonded core membrane. Mushrooms can not afford photosynthesis because they do not have chlorophyll.
Because it has unique characteristics, then the fungus is inserted into its own category. Just like bacteria, there are fungi that have good characteristics and some are actually able to cause disease.
Usually, the fungus invades the outer skin, the scalp is even able to attack and left in the nail. When a person has a weak immune system, such as AIDS, the fungus can attack all parts of his body, can even attack up to the oral cavity.
Mushrooms can cause disease in humans. Diseases caused by fungi in humans are commonly referred to as mycosis. Mikosis itself is divided into two types, namely superficial mikosis and systemic mycosis.
Superficial mikosis is a fungus attack that occurs in the skin, nails, and hair, which is generally caused by the fungus Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton. While systemic mycosis is a fungal attack that occurs on the inside of the body, such as subcutaneous tissue, kidneys, lungs, oral mucosa, heart, and vagina.
Various diseases caused by fungi in humans, including:
Tinea capitis is a fungal infection that generally attacks the scalp and hair. Tinea capitis is caused by mycrosporum fungus and Trichophyton attack.
Symptoms of tinea capitis, including scalp itch, hair looks dull and easily broken. The disease is transmitted through the use of comb and hair clippers. Severe infections can cause edematous and festering.
Maduromycosis is known by the athlete’s foot disease because the disease generally occurs on the feet of an athlete or sportsman who is often in a humid state. Maduromycosis is caused by the fungus Allescheris boydii, Cephalosporium falciforme, Madurella mycetomi and Madurella grisea.
Symptoms will arise hot itching, skin peeling, easily scratched and injured and cause unpleasant odors. This disease can be contagious if you walk barefoot in an area that has been contaminated with fungi causing the disease.
This disease is a type of systemic mycosis that is able to reach the lungs and is caused by the fungus Coccidioides immitis. Symptoms are almost similar to pneumonia, a cough sometimes accompanied and not accompanied by phlegm.
Coccidioides immitis fungus can fly in the air. The disease is transmitted through the air that has been contaminated with the inhaled fungus.
This disease is a disease caused by the fungus Sporotrichum schenckii. Symptoms will arise like a lump on the bottom of the skin that will grow and become inflamed. Then the network will experience death to form ulcus. Lumps will also form along the lymph tissue.
This fungus is transmitted by direct contact to people with sporotrichosis or by using a towel or towel of a person with sporotrichosis.