What Causes Severe Back Pain-Back pain is a sign of stress or damage to muscles, ligaments, or tendons. The pain sometimes spreads to the buttocks and thighs. Back pain may be divided into two categories: acute and chronic.
Acute back pain lasts less than 3 months but becomes severe if not treated.
Chronic back pain develops gradually, lasts for more than 3 months and creates problems for the long term.Back pain can strike the upper, middle, or lower back.However, back pain often occurs in the lower back.
Here are some common causes that cause severe back pain:
1. Lumbar Muscle Tension
Lumbar muscle tension is the most common cause of back pain.
You may not remember the incident that triggered muscle cramps, but the back pain that appears is still felt for several weeks.
2. Herniation or Rupture of the Spine
Herniation or rupture of the vertebrae is a major cause of back pain.This happens when the pads that are located between the spinal bones are pushed out of the normal position.This condition occurs because of a repeated tension of the spine, accident, or sudden fall.
Discogenic back pain is caused by degeneration, damage, or wear of the intervertebral lumbar segment.The diagnosis of discogenic back pain is done using a device called a discogram.Patients suffering from discogenic back pain will recover by themselves, but others may require some simple treatments.
4. Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is the most common cause of back pain in a group of elderly people.This is due to the constriction of space surrounding the spinal cord or spinal cord.This narrowing of the spinal canal causes back pain.Spinal stenosis affects both men and women equally.Spinal stenosis is more common in people over 50, especially those with arthritis.
5. Lumbar Spine Arthritis (Spinal)
Spinal lumbar arthritis usually affects the knee joint and the radius connecting each segment of the spine or vertebral bone.Lumbar spine arthritis causes severe back pain, especially when a person moves or changes position.This condition is more often experienced by older people, but people who are obese, heavy workers, or who previously experienced spinal cord injury have a higher risk of spinal lumbar arthritis.
Spondylolisthesis causes severe back pain. This condition occurs when adjacent vertebrae are unstable and tremble.The most common cause of spondylolisthesis is a degenerative mutation that causes the loss of structures that stabilize the spine normally, resulting in severe lower back pain.
Osteoporosis is a cause of severe back pain.Osteoporosis is associated with a vertebral compression fracture that makes the bones become weaker and more susceptible to fracture